Physiognomy: face reading
Obviouslly: this is just an overview  individual cultural systems go into much greated detail.

However; whether we realize it or not ,we all have our personal opinions, & "feelings";  when we first meet someone, regarding  their character and the type of person they are. 
For the most part, we base these feelings on the observation s we make of their physical characteristics.

Maybe this will give some insight into identifying those opinions.

This brief outline covers:

The Forehead: Metoscopia
The Nose
The Chin 
The Eyes: Oculamancy & Iridology
The Eyebrows
The Ears
The Mouth/Lips

Hair:

Note:
In the Chinese System, the Five Vital Organs of sense and expression
are considered to be: the Nose, Eyes, Eyebrows, Ears, and Mouth.


The FOREHEAD
(represents the soul)

The Size of the forehead indicates perceptual ability.

A High forehead: indicates intelligence; in china it portends good luck.

A High and Wide forehead: predicts someone who is open-minded.

A High and NARROW forehead: shows someone who is inquisitive, and who is analytical.

A Low forehead: belongs to someone who is practical and down-to-earth. 

A Flat forehead: shows someone with good concentration.

(Note: Jerome Cardan mapped the forhead lines, much like Chiromancy, defiing Seven positions from the Brow to the hairline, keyed to Planetary references:)  
From the Brow/Bottom: 
Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn;
interpreted by the position of the Lines & Marks.

Line interpretation without relationship to their position are:

Long unbroken Lines mean honesty & fair play.
Having X shaped wrinkles, shows Dishonesty.

Three Widely spaced horizontal lines: indicate a deeply Spiritual nature.

Short Vertical Lines: signal abrupt changes.

A short diagonal Line: shows triumph over adversity, But; one that contacts the Left eyebrow forcasts terrible misfortune.

A horozontal S curve: is the sign of a devious nature.

Wavy Lines: indicate an affinity for travel.

A Slight curve indicates adaptability: but if the curve angles back sharply, that suggests instability.

A Trio of slight arcs indicate unusual generosity,

High vertical creases show problems in personal relationships, problems in career experiences, and problems in the physical body.

Vertical crease in the mid section of the forehead, means that a conflict is standing in the way of achievement.

Markings on the upper right quarter of the forehead shows difficulties, a person will resent hardships, & spend too much unproductive energy.

Marking on the upper left quarter of the forehead means the person resists learning and changing. That change is for others, not  for
themselves.


The NOSE:

A person tells a lot through his nose.

Beginning at the top between the eyes represents age zero, and following down to the nostrils represents the end of the lifespan. Look for markings on the nose, to tell at which age significant matters happen.
.
The Persons' Ego is represented by the nose, and bridges a persons' higher and lower self.  I guess this is especially true if their Ego
(self image ) caused them to get a "nose job".  However; these descriptions refer to the "natural nose".

The size of the nose represents the resourcefulness of the individual; the larger the more resourceful, the the smaller; indicating more dependance on others.

A Short nose: belongs to someone who is generally happy.

A Small nose: belongs to someone who is quiet.

If the person has a small upturned nose, the self image is usually frail, but strengthens with age, this snub nose indicates amiability, but also a weakness of purpose.

A turned up nose: signals tenacity, sometimes to the extent of disregard for others.  

A turned down nose: shows a person who is meticulous & often conservative.

A Wide nose: belongs to a generally careless person.

A Large nose: belongs to someone who is open-minded, and assertive.

A Thin pointed nose: shows a jealous nature & someone shows someone generally easily irritated.

A Long nose: belongs to someone who is careful & shows perseverence and social concern.

Large nostrils shaw strong characer and reliability.

Flesh around the nostrils represents the subconscious.


The CHIN
(The physical body is represented from the lower lip down to the where the neck meets the front of the face.)

The length of the Chin is considered a measure of one'ssense of purpose and commitment.

A prominant Chin: indicates a firm sense if purpose.

A Long Chin: shows someone who sticks to what they say.

A Wide Flat Chin, indicates procrastination.

A Short Chin: shows someone who changes their mind often.

A Round Chin: shows a reasnable nature.  But under pressure can become the contrary.

A Pointed Chin: belongs to an out-going, positive person who makes quick decisions.

A Forward, jutting chin: belongs to someone who is stubborn.

A Receding chin: indicates an impatient nature  opinions that are easly altered.

A Cleft: in a chin shows someone who is self-centered & woth a hidden agenda.


The EYES
(the "windows" of the Soul)

(Note: disregarded in oriental cultures and others with homogenous eye configuration and color.)

Oculamancy: Size, shape & position of Eyes.

Large Eyes: Signify ususual perceptiveness.

Small Eyes: Signify cunning.

Round Eyes show a trusting nature.

Oval Eyes show that a person is good natured.

Slanted Eyes belong to someone who takes pleasure in self-love.

Open Eyes show an open, friendly person.

Narrow Eyes show a suspicious nature.

Eyes set wide apart: indicate reliability bu t not necessarily swift accomplishment.

Close set Eyes: indicate an astute individual, but not necessarily trustworthy.

Deep set Eyes: show a careful, measured manner of expression.

Bulging Eyes: suggest glibness.

Eye level creases means that there is a conflict in balancing life.

Iridology:  Considers the colors of the Iris.

Dark Brown: Capable of making Decisions under pressure,                               passionate, but sometimes too impulsive.
Brown: Loyal, group identified, leans towards shyness & passivity.
Dark Blue: Refined asthetic sensibilities, sometimes insecure & overly sentimental.
Light Blue:  Commitmentment oriented, but has difficulty expressing feelings, prone to grudges.
Green: Good blend of practicality & imagination, but has temperamental tendencies.
Gray:  Purposefull & confident but often willing to supress intelligence to go with the status quo.
Hazel: Very stable, energetic & quick thinking, but sometimes deceptive.


The EYEBROWS:

Represents the senses, pleasures, attraction, and sex. If the eyebrows are thicker toward the nose and thin out toward the edges, this means that the person will set his own pleasures aside the older he gets.

Heavy Eyebrows:  Indicate great strength.

Thick Eyebrows belong to someone who is out-spoken.Exceedingly Thick can mean a dictatorial nature.

Thin Eyebrows: Show precision & attention to detail. But very thin, can mean fussiness.

Straight Eyebrows: show someone who is generally active, and on top of things; but can forgo details.

Gently curved Eyebrows:  suggest a balanced self aware caring person.
But; downward sloping eyebrows show sambition.

Arched  Eyebrows: show strong sense of curiousity, but can indicate problems trusting in relationships.

Widely spaced Eyebrows: Show someone who is influenced easily.

Close knit Eyebrows: show someone who is nervous.

Eyebrows  that meet at the center: are a sign of bad luck.


The EARS: 
(In European & Asian culture denotes intellectual ability.)

The Size of the Lobe: is seen as an indication of potential prosperity.
Large:  Denotes afflunce.
Small:  Denotes poverty.

Placement of the Ears: Shows your natue.
Flat:  Indicates complacency.
Sticking out: Shows drive & originality.
Low set Ears: In Japan, indicate a sign of nobility.

Ears that are Large at the top & Lobes, indicate: courage & planning ability.

Ears that are Small at the top & Lobes, indicate:dependance on basic ability rather than efforts & needs prodding to finish what they start.

Ears that are Large at the top with Small Lobes, indicate: a bright person with a goo memory but, with limited ability to thoerize.

Ears that are Small at the top with Large  Lobes, are considered generous & well balanced.

Attached Earlobes or Ears without Lobes are considered to show lack of focus.and initiative.

Detached Earlobes indicate indicate a seeking creative nature.


The MOUTH/LIPS:

The curvature of the Mouth: discloses the basic temperament.

AnUpward,curved Mouth: shows an agreeable nature, one who is generally happy.

A downturned Mouth: shows a demanding obstinant person, who is more unhappy than not.

A Mouth that is straight across, indicates a person with self control.

Size is considered:

A Small mouth indicates a frugal nature.
Small Lips can indicate selfishness.
Thin Lips indicate impatience, that may disregard others feelings.          

A Large mouth indicatesextravagance.
Large Lips can show generosity.
Thick Lips show one who openly expresses their opinions.

Lips of Medium thickness indicate loyalty. (this characteristic was highly prized by chinese Emperors).
The upper lip represents the mental sphere.

The pink part of the upper lip represents the person's emotions.
The fuller and deeper or brighter colored ones lips are, the more emotional they are.

Proportions:

An evenly proportioned Mouth showsone who tactfully reserves judgement.

A protruding upper lip reveals a fault finder

A prominant lower lip indicate a person whose comments should be carefully taken in context.

Teeth:
Large Teeth: denote strength.
Small Teeth indicate a methodical approach to life.
Gapped teeth are a sign of prosperity.

Babys  First Teeth:

When a Baby is born with teeth, it is seen to portend evil.
(Note; famous people born with Teeth are Ceaser, Hannibal & Napoleon.)
In some cultures ; if a childs first tooth is in the upper jaw, it isan omen the child's life will be plagued with bad luck.


HAIR:
(Note these differences are considered in Europe & Scandinavia, 
rather than in more racially uniform cultures)

Widows Peak:

From the middle ages; when a womans Hairline comes to a point it is said to be a arbinger of misfortune for her mate.

Texture:

Coarse Hair is considered a sign of boldness, but lesser intellectual ability.

Fine Hair seen to indicate a gentile nature & keen mind, but warns of cowardice.

Traditionally the Darker the color the greater the individuals strength and courage.

Red haired people are characterized as strongly emotional, especially women, who are seen as tempestuous & untrustworthy.

INTERESTING FAXTOID: Statistics show:
Blond Causasians are Left Handed more than Twice a often as the rest of the population.

I hope to have a list of Reference Books soon.
OVERVIEW: 

Physiognomy is the interpretation of a persons Character and/or Destiny through an examination of certain of their specific Physical attributes.

It can include:
          Chiromancy: A study of the Hands which includes:
          Chirognomy: the shape of the hands & fingers; 
          Onychomancy: a study of the nails; and
          Palmistry: a study of the lines and mounds of the hands.

Phrenology: highly popular and well developed system,
for examininf the topology, (bumps) of a persons head.

Bisba:  Divining by examining womans breasts.

Podomancy:  Study of the foot or feet.

Amniomancy:  From the Greek word meaning Lamb, forcasting
by using the membranous sac (afterbirth) of new born babies.

Maculmancy:  potention due an abnormal Birth, Twins, Moles, birthmarks or physical observable "differences".
(also called Molesophy), regarding the stud of the shape, color and placement of Moles.

Blood both from nose bleeds include characterization due to blood Typing:

It also includes the study of certain bodily functions.
          Sneezing
          Itching/Scratching

Physiognomy is generally thought of  the interpretation of a persons Character and/or Destiny through an examination of their facial sharacteristics.  The face has always been seen as most expressive of the persons emotional states and consequently reflective of their character or innate nature.  (coming from the Greek word Physike).
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